Adderall is comprised of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine are central nervous system stimulants that work by affecting chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.
The active ingredients of Adderall are 25% levoamphetamine salts and 75% dextroamphetamine salts. Thus, at therapeutic doses, Adderall causes emotional and cognitive effects such as euphoria, change in desire for sex, increased wakefulness, and improved cognitive control. At these doses, it induces physical effects such as decreased reaction time, fatigue resistance, and increased muscle strength.
Adderall is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Adderall dosing information
Usual Adult Dose of Adderall for Attention Deficit Disorder
Patients starting treatment for the first time or switching from another medication:
-Initial Dose: 20 mg orally once a day
-Initial Dose: 5 mg orally 1 or 2 times a day
-Maintenance Dose: Daily dose may be raised in 5 mg increments at weekly intervals until optimal response is obtained.
-Maximum Dose: Only in rare cases will it be necessary to exceed 40 mg per day.
-IR: The first dose should be administered/taken when patient/you wake up in the morning; 1 to 2 additional doses should be administered/taken at intervals of 4 to 6 hours.
-Where possible, drug administration should be interrupted occasionally to determine if continued therapy is required.
Usual Adult Dose of Adderall for Narcolepsy (sleep disorder):
Initial Dose: 10 mg orally per day in divided doses
Maintenance Dose: Daily dose may be raised in 10 mg increments at weekly intervals until optimal response is obtained.
-The first dose should be administered/taken when patient/you wake up in the morning; 1 to 2 additional doses should be administered/taken at intervals of 4 to 6 hours.
-The usual dose is 5 to 60 mg per day in divided doses, depending on the individual patient response.
-Dosage should be reduced if bothersome adverse reactions (e.g., insomnia, anorexia) appear.
How to use Adderall and Adderall XR
Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start taking amphetamine/dextroamphetamine and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually once daily in the morning. You may take this medication with or without food, but it is important to choose one way and take this medication the same way with every dose. Taking this medication after noon may cause trouble sleeping (insomnia).
Swallow the capsules whole. Do not crush or chew the capsules. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects. If you have difficulty swallowing this medication whole, you may sprinkle the entire contents of a capsule on a small amount of applesauce just before taking. Swallow the mixture right away. Do not chew the mixture, and do not save it for future use. Drink a glass of liquid after each dose.
Important information before taking this medicine
DO NOT use this medicine if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days.
MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.
To ensure Adderall is safe for you, inform your doctor if you or anyone in your family has ever had:
• Depression, bipolar disorder, mental illness, psychosis, or suicidal thoughts or actions;
• Tourette’s syndrome or Motor tics (muscle twitches);
• Epilepsy or Seizures;
• Blood circulation problems in the hands or feet or Abnormal brain wave test (EEG).
It should not be used to treat tiredness or to hold off sleep in people who do not have a sleep disorders.
If taken over a long period may cause addiction, when this happens gradually reduce dosage to avoid withdrawals
Possible side effects of Adderall
Get emergency medical help if you experience:
Signs of an allergic reaction to Adderall: difficult breathing, hives, swollen face, lips, tongue, or throat
signs of heart problems- chest pain, trouble breathing, feeling like you might pass out;
signs of psychosis- hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not real), new behavior problems, paranoia, aggression, hostility,
signs of circulation problems- numbness, pain, cold feeling, skin color changes (pale, red, or blue appearance) in your fingers or toes, a seizure (convulsions), muscle twitches (tics) or changes in your vision.